How to write A literature Review paper II Literature Review Paper structure


A literature review paper is a survey conducted by a researcher before his/her research work or scientific writing work. The survey may be from different sources like books, journal articles, a published thesis, or any existing knowledge related to the research work decided. 

Very often if you’re doing surveys, you can find through your literature review you can find good question sets. How to write a literature review and most importantly how to do it? Now, before we jump into how to write a literature review, it’s really important to step back and ask what the function is, and what is the way of a literature review. If we understand the why then the how becomes a lot simpler, and then what becomes simpler. So let’s talk about some of the most important functions of the literature review.

A Literature Review Paper Structure consists of the following parts 

I) Introduction of Literature Review Paper

Generally speaking, the introduction of your literature review should clearly state the focus and purpose of the literature review. If you’re writing a literature review for your research paper or dissertation, restate your research question and give a brief overview of what you’ll discuss.

You can emphasize the timeliness of your topic, If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, and discuss the scope of the literature you will review (for example, the time of your sources), and state your objective.

II) Main Body of Literature Reviewer paper 

For the body of your literature review, you can divide it into subsections and use a subheading for each theme, time, or methodological style.

Keep these 4 tips in your mind as you start your writing:

  • Summarize and synthesize, 
  • Analyze and interpret, 
  • Critically evaluate, 
  • Use well-structured paragraphs

We will show you how to use these 4 tips with an example paragraph.

Read: Important of Literature In Research

Tip number 1: Summarize and synthesize the information

Summarizing means giving an overview of the main points of a source, but it’s also important to synthesize – that means combining several sources to make an overall point, showing the similarities and differences between them.

In this paragraph, you can see how different studies are pieced together to convey a point.

We first summarized the different theories of different authors. Then we synthesized several studies, as highlighted here, which had a similar focus and findings, illustrating a clear trend in the field.

Tip number 2: Analyze and interpret the research, It’s important to add your interpretation and discuss the significance of the findings of the literature as a whole.

From this sentence, we analyzed several studies and concluded that the visual and interactive aspects of social media are the most important factor in body image issues.

Tip number 3: Critically evaluate your sources to identify and discuss strengths and weaknesses. This is a critical evaluation of the literature – you contributed your own opinion on how new technology is changing the role of media in body image.

Tip number 4: Write in well-structured paragraphs, To make sure your sentences and paragraphs are cohesive, use transitions and topic sentences to draw connections, comparisons, and contrasts.

III) Conclusion of the literature review paper

Finally, for the conclusion, sum up the main takeaway of your literature review paper.

If it’s part of your dissertation or thesis, here you should clearly show how your research addresses gaps and contributes to new knowledge.

If it’s a paper, you can summarize the major findings and implications of the literature, and make suggestions for future research. 

Now for the final tip, before you go in the future and submit your paper, make sure to proofread and revise it. Apart from typos, you should also pay attention to Informal and subjective language, Repetitive phrasing, Overuse of passive voice, and many more.

This is all about this article and hopes this information, tips, and tricks help you in your literature search and research journal discovery before publishing in a suitable research journal, KressUp is an online learning platform, which brings novel articles from time to time, stay connected.

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