How to write A literature Review paper II Literature Review Paper structure


If you are searching for how to write a literature review for your research paper and don’t know the format,

You are in the right place. We are here to prove to you the solution to your problem and present a detailed literature review paper structure, which is composed of some parts and parasa

It is guaranteed that after reading this article, you will be able to write your literature review successfully with ease and become an expert in literature review paper writing.

If you encounter any difficulty in your research or academic career, you can email us for help.


A literature review paper is a survey conducted by a researcher before his/her research work or any scientific writing like a thesis, report, etc.

Writing a literature review is the first task of a researcher when he/she begins his/her journey of research study for a Master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation.

It is a difficult task at that stage because the majority of researchers are unfamiliar with the literature review process and the source form from which they must collect literature to qualify for this task.

This survey of literature may be from different sources, whether it is primary or secondary sources, like books, journal articles, a published thesis, or any existing knowledge related to the research work decided.

Read: Steps to write a literature review paper

Frequently, if you’re doing surveys for an internet website and using tools for a literature search, you might locate suitable question sets through your research review. How to create a literature review and, more crucially, how to complete one?

Now, before we jump into how to write a literature review paper, it’s really important to step back and ask what the function is, and what the way of writing a literature review is.

If you grasp the why, the how becomes much simpler, and then the what becomes more straightforward.So let’s talk about some of the most important functions of a literature review.

Read: Importance of literature review

A Literature Review Paper Structure consists of the following parts

The structure of a literature review paper is the format of the written documents you generate prior to submitting them for publication in a reputed journal.

Occasionally, the journal will have its own requirements for the format of the manuscript. However, the following principles are essential to remember.

A literature review structure should have the same form as that of any other written essay in a systematic order, starting with the, an introduction or background section, a main body section containing the discussion of several elements, and finally the conclusion/recommendation section.

I. Introduction of the Literature Review Paper

Generally speaking, the introduction of your literature review paper should clearly state the focus and purpose of the literature review.

If you’re writing a literature review for your research paper or dissertation, restate your research question and give a brief overview of what you’ll discuss.

You can emphasize the timeliness of your topic, If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, and discuss the scope of the literature you will review (for example, the time of your sources), and state your objective.

II. Main Body of Literature Reviewer’s Paper

For the body of your literature review, you can divide it into subsections and use a subheading for each theme, time, or methodological style.

Keep these 4 tips in your mind as you start your writing a literature review paper

  • Summarize and synthesize,
  • Analyze and interpret,
  • Critically evaluate,
  • Use well-structured paragraphs

We will show you how to use these 4 tips with an example paragraph.

#Tip number 1:Summarize and synthesize the information

Summarizing means giving an overview of the main points of a source, but it’s also important to synthesize, that means combining several sources to make an overall point, showing the similarities and differences between them.

In this paragraph, you can see how different studies are pieced together to convey a point.

We first summarized the different theories of different authors. Then we synthesized several studies, as highlighted here, which had a similar focus and findings, illustrating a clear trend in the field.

#Tip number 2: Analyze and interpret the research, It’s important to add your interpretation and discuss the significance of the findings of the literature as a whole.

From this sentence, we analyzed several studies and concluded that the visual and interactive aspects of social media are the most important factor in body image issues.

#Tip number 3:Critically evaluate your sources to identify and discuss their strengths and weaknesses. This is a critical evaluation of the literature—you contributed your own opinion on how new technology is changing the role of media in body image.

#Tip number 4:Write in well-structured paragraphs, To make sure your sentences and paragraphs are cohesive, use transitions and topic sentences to draw connections, comparisons, and contrasts.

III. Conclusion of the literature review paper

Finally, for the conclusion, sum up the main takeaway of your literature review paper.

If it’s part of your dissertation or thesis, here you should clearly show how your research addresses gaps and contributes to new knowledge.

If it’s a paper, you can summarize the major findings and implications of the literature, and make suggestions for future research.

Read: Important of Literature In Research

Now for the final tip: before you go in the future and submit your paper, make sure to proofread and revise it. Apart from typos, you should also pay attention to informal and subjective language, repetitive phrasing, overuse of passive voice, and many more.

Wrapping Up

This is all about this article, the process of writing a literature review paper, and I hope this information, tips, and tricks of writing a successful literature review paper help you in your research and research sources discovery before publishing in a suitable research journal.

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General FAQ Related to Literature Review in Research

Q 1. What is a literature review in research

A literature review in research is an evaluation of existing literature on a specific research topic.

Q 2. How literature help us

It helps researchers understand what has already been studied and identify gaps in knowledge that can be addressed in their research

Q 3. Why is a literature review important in research

It is important in research because it helps researchers to gain knowledge on a particular topic, identify research gaps, and refine their research questions and methods

Q 4. What are the common challenges in conducting a literature review

Searching suitable literature, dealing with a large quantity of literature, evaluating the quality and importance of the literature, summarising the literature, and avoiding bias in them are some common challenges in literature review

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