What Is A Literature Review And Types Of Literature Review

What Is A Literature Review And Types Of Literature Review

When writing an undergraduate dissertation, master’s dissertation, doctoral thesis, or simply a research paper, the initial duty may be to learn about different types of literature reviews. A literature review is a search and assessment of the body of knowledge in the form of printed documents on the subject or area of interest that you have selected. It provides information about the most recent developments in the area you are writing about.

A literature review demonstrates to your audience that you have a thorough understanding of the issue in hand and that you are aware of how your own research contributes to the body of existing knowledge.

It’s crucial to remember that while writing a literature review, this third layer of knowledge is frequently regarded as “true” despite if it frequently only has a tenuous connection to primary and secondary literature reviews.

Given this, there are several techniques for writing literature reviews based on the sort of analysis supporting your study, even though they are intended to provide an overview and synthesis of relevant sources you have examined and on the basis of the design of the study there are many types of literature reviews.

In this article, we will discuss the typical sorts of literature reviews that are used in research and point out any gaps in your topic’s knowledge.

The top 10 types of literature review are as follows

1. Argumentative Review

This method selectively studies the literature to prove or disprove a claim, a deeply held presumption, or a philosophical conundrum that has already been established in the literature. The goal is to create a body of writing that promotes an opposing viewpoint.

Given the value-laden nature of some social scientific studies, such as immigration control and educational reform, argumentative techniques to literature analysis can be a valid and significant type of discourse. However, keep in mind that when they are utilized to make generalizations of the sort, they might likewise cause issues with bias.

2. General Literature Review 

General literature review that offers an overview of the most crucial and relevant facets of the state of the field’s knowledge. The study objective, underlying hypothesis, or problem, as well as the reviewer’s argumentative thesis, must be stated in the general literature review, which serves as the opening to a thesis or dissertation.

Unlike a critical review, which examines a narrowly focused clinical topic of interest to sports medicine doctors, a general review reviews a topic of broad interest to clinician-researchers or sports medicine clinicians.

3. Historical Review

Historical literature reviews look at the research over time, frequently starting with the first time a problem, idea, theory, or phenomenon appeared in the literature and following its development within a discipline’s scholarly community. The goal is to put research in historical perspective in order to demonstrate familiarity with cutting-edge advancements and to determine the most likely pathways for future study and for the few things that exist without reference to earlier events in history.

4. Integrative Review

Reviewing, critiquing, and synthesizing representative literature on a subject in an integrated manner is seen as a type of research that produces fresh frameworks and viewpoints. All research addressing the same or similar hypotheses is included in the body of literature. In terms of clarity, rigor, and replication, a well-done integrative review adheres to the same requirements as primary research.

5. Methodological Review

The methodological literature includes a description of the study techniques and designs, these methodological reviews present the advantages and disadvantages of the employed techniques and offer suggestions for the future.

The method of analysis used in a review is more important than the actual content of what was said. This method allows researchers to draw on a wide variety of knowledge ranging from the conceptual level to practical documents for use in fieldwork in the areas of ontological and epistemological consideration, quantitative and qualitative integration, sampling, interviewing, data collection, and data analysis techniques. It also provides a framework of understanding at different levels (i.e. those of theory, substantive fields, research approaches, and data collection and analysis techniques).

6. Scoping review

Scoping Reviews are becoming more common in a variety of academic fields since they are useful for locating the body of previous research on a particular research subject. They define knowledge gaps and clarify concepts in the literature. Contrary to systematic reviews, “scoping reviews aim to provide an overview or map of the evidence, rather than to generate a critically assessed and synthesized result/answer to a specific topic.”

However, scoping reviews are “systematic-like” and necessitate a meticulous methodology. They frequently have a process, the searching is methodical and fairly thorough, and the methods are well-documented. They might come before a thorough systematic review.

7. Systematic Review  

A systematic review is a summary of the medical literature that uses explicit and repeatable processes to systematically seek, critically evaluate, and synthesize a certain topic. It uses techniques to lessen biases and random mistakes to combine the findings of numerous primary research that are related to one another.

In order to support decision-making and identify best practices, seeks to systematically find, evaluate, and synthesize research findings. Often depends on the type of study, which may involve studies of effectiveness, qualitative research, economic evaluation, prevalence, etiology, or the precision of diagnostic tests, and can take a variety of approaches.

This form includes a summary of the available research that is relevant to a clearly stated research question, as well as data collection, reporting, and analysis from the studies that are part of the review. The research is identified and critically evaluated using pre-specified and standardized methods.

8. Rapid Review

In comparison to traditional systematic reviews, rapid reviews are a type of evidence synthesis that may offer more current information for decision-making. Rapid reviews can be carried out in a variety of ways and are often completed in less than five weeks or are often completed in less than five weeks and employ a wide range of methodologies. Often, decision-makers have a limited amount of time, therefore it is impractical to synthesize the information via a systematic review. By skipping parts of the systematic review that make it less rigorous, a quick review shortens the procedure and speeds it up.

9. Theoretical Review

A theoretical literature study that looks at how theory influences or frames research. This form’s objective is to study the body of thought that has developed in relation to a certain problem, idea, theory, or phenomenon. The theoretical literature review aids in the development of new testable hypotheses by identifying what theories already exist, their connections, and the extent of their investigation. This format is frequently used to demonstrate that there are no suitable theories or that existing theories are insufficient to account for a novel or developing research issues. An entire theory or framework, a single theoretical concept, or another unit of study may be the focus.

10. Traditional Review 

A Traditional or narrative literature review is a thorough, critical, and unbiased analysis of the most recent research on a subject. They are a key aspect of the research process and aid in developing the theoretical underpinnings, emphasis, and context of your study. A literature study will assist you in finding patterns and trends in the literature, which will enable you to spot any gaps or contradictions in a body of information. You should then have a sufficiently specific research topic that supports your study as a result.

This is all about this article, and we sincerely hope that the purpose, information, advice, and types we’ve provided will be useful to you as you are going to write a review in your journey of writing and you are familiar with the literature review types and process. KressUp is an online learning platform that occasionally publishes new articles; stay connected to more updates

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