What’s Citation | Reference Writing Pattern | How to Cite An Article

What’s Citation | How to Cite An Article | Reference Writing Pattern

What’s Citation and What’s Reference

Citation is the info that quotes from other sources or references used when you are write a research paper, but it’s significant to your study and gave support to a particular statement of your paper mentioned in the body of your paper. The text citations are similar to references and provide evidence to the reader about the source of quotes and paraphrases to identify the author/publisher from you take these quotes. The citation was cited in different styles but mostly contain the author’s name and year of publication.

Reference is the list of information or source you have cited during your the study, the references come at the end of your paper, manuscript, or book chapter you have to prepare. Every reference enlisted in the reference list also needed to cite in your text sources correctly and the source of information contained in books, articles and other material you consult during your paper writing

Reference writing styles are of different types which include all information regarding that paper. Author’s name, year of publication Title of paper, journal name, volume, issue, and page number and page range and indexing DOI number, etc.

What's Citation and What's Reference

Reference Preparation

There are so many applications or software available free online on the name of reference writing or reference setting. But my suggestion to write or arrange your reference manually in your paper by using the referencing style mentioned in the Journal guideline for further understand the difference in between different pattern of reference writing style and it’s mostly a question at the time of your thesis viva or paper presentation (which referencing style you used in your thesis etc.)

In Microsoft Word office you found referencing tool, you must use this for reference and arrange them simultaneously, see below 

Reference Preparation

For better understating the referencing style, let’s take a Research paper as an experiment and write a few styles and observed difference:

References structure

There are various types of reference writing style, but we are focus on only 5 of them which are more reliable and commonly used in scientific writing till know.

Referencing pattern and citation

By using 5 types of reference style on one paper citation (above mentioned) and understand the difference in the arrangement of all information in each style of reference writing differently. You can practice more and more.

Some popular referencing pattern used in research paper  

1. MLA style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar, Koshal, Chandra Bhanu Kotnala, and Anita Rawat Rana. “Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India.” Aquaculture Research 50.12 (2019): 3608-3615.

2. APA style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar, K., Kotnala, C. B., & Rana, A. R. (2019). Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India.  Aquaculture Research50(12), 3608-3615.

3. Chicago style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar, Koshal, Chandra Bhanu Kotnala, and Anita Rawat Rana. “Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India.” Aquaculture Research 50, no. 12 (2019): 3608-3615.

4. Harvard style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar, K., Kotnala, C.B. and Rana, A.R., 2019. Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India. Aquaculture Research50(12), pp.3608-3615.

5. Vancouver style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar K, Kotnala CB, Rana AR. Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India. Aquaculture Research. 2019 Dec; 50(12):3608-15.

Different body of a Reference 

different Referencing structure

Alert: One can choose any reference style for writing a manuscript, but care should be taken that the text citations are similar to the references style mention on the guideline selected for manuscripts writing.