If you are research its compulsion to know the term citation, referencing etc
But if you are not familiar with these terms, then this article is for you. In this article, we are going to discuss in detail the patterns, structures, and arrangements of citation or reference in a published research article and their use in writing a new one.
It’s our guarantee that after reading this article carefully, you can easily understand the purpose, pattern, and structure of references in your written document and also implement these in a proper format in your academic writing.
If you encounter any difficulty in your academic writing or research, you can email us for help and advice.
Citation is the info that quotes from other sources are used when you are writing a research paper, but it’s significant to your study and gave support to a particular statement of your paper mentioned in the body of your paper.
The text citations are similar to references and provide evidence to the reader about the source of quotes and paraphrases to identify the author/publisher from you take these quotes.
The citation was cited in different styles but mostly contained the author’s name and year of publication.
Reference is the list of information or source you have cited during your study and come at the end of your paper, manuscript, or book chapter you have to prepare.
Every reference enlisted in the list also needed to cite in your text sources correctly and the source of information contained in books, articles, and other material you consult during your paper writing
Reference writing styles are of different types which include all information regarding that paper. Author’s name, year of publication Title of paper, journal name, volume, issue, page number, page range, indexing DOI number, etc.
Differences in citation and references
There is mainly confusion with the words “citation” and “reference” in scientific writing.
Citations are meant to point to other information and are included in the body of the text in short form, in text with few details, and sometimes called the corresponding references (like when the material came from an unpublished source or a personal correspondence
Whenever references are meant to provide all the information, including the author names, titles of the paper publication, journal names, and details of publications and lists at the end of the written documents, every reference needs to have a citation in the main text.
There are so many applications or software available free online in the name of reference writing or setting.
But my suggestion is to write or arrange your references manually in your paper by using the referencing style mentioned in the Journal guideline to further understand the difference between the different patterns of reference writing style and it’s mostly a question at the time of your thesis viva or paper presentation (which referencing style you used in your thesis etc.)
In Microsoft Word office you found referencing tool, you must use this for reference and arrange them simultaneously, see below
For better understating the referencing style, let’s take aResearch paperas an experiment and write a few styles and observe the differences
There are various types of reference writing styles, but we are focusing on only 5 of them which are more reliable and commonly used in scientific writing now.
By using 5 types of reference styles on one paper citation (above mentioned) and understanding the difference in the arrangement of all information in each style of reference writing differently. You can practice more and more.
Some popular referencing writing patterns used in the research paper
1. MLA style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar, Koshal, Chandra Bhanu Kotnala, and Anita Rawat Rana. “Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India.”Aquaculture Research50.12 (2019): 3608-3615.
2. APA style citation of referencing pattern:Kumar, K., Kotnala, C. B., & Rana, A. R. (2019). Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958)from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India. Aquaculture Research,50(12), 3608–3615.
3. Chicago style citation of referencing pattern: Kumar, Koshal, Chandra Bhanu Kotnala, and Anita Rawat Rana. “Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958)from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India.”Aquaculture Research50, no. 12 (2019): 3608-3615.
4. Harvard style citation of referencing pattern:Kumar, K., Kotnala, C.B. and Rana, A.R., 2019. Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958)from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India.Aquaculture Research,50(12), pp.3608–3615.
5. Vancouver style citation of referencing pattern:Kumar K, Kotnala CB, Rana AR. Fecundity and egg dimension of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958)from Rawasan Stream of Garhwal, Central Himalaya, India. Aquaculture Research. 2019 Dec; 50(12): 3608-3615.
A detailed explanation of different bodies of reference
Alert: One can choose any reference style for writing a manuscript, but care should be taken that the text citations are similar to the reference style mentioned in the guideline selected for manuscript writing.
This is all about this article, with these tricks in reference and citation pattern, hope you can now easily understand and apply these tricks in your research paper for reference writing.
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General FAQ Related to Citation and references
Q 1. What is a citation and its purpose
A citation is a reference of an original source of information in added in your written work such as a book, journal article, or website and allows readers to identify and locate the source material used in a piece of writing.
Q 2. What is a reference list
A reference list is a list of all the sources cited in a written work and provides complete information about each source so that readers can find and verify the information used in the writing.
Q 3. Why is it important to use citations and references
Citations and references are important in academic writing because they show that the writer has done research and used credible sources to support their arguments. They also allow readers to verify the information and follow up on the sources if they want to learn more about a topic.
Q 4. What are the common citation styles
Common citation styles include APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association), and Chicago.